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Plant Wireless Core: Antennas, Masts and Feeds
Course Description
This course teaches installation and troubleshooting technicians the key elements needed for installing, testing and maintaining antennas and masts.

The course introduces the elementary principles of radio used in all classes of service. It teaches what kinds of antenna systems exist and which offer advantages for particular applications. Siting masts is becoming more difficult and so it has become necessary to share masts where possible and also to share antennas. Methods for achieving this will be considered. However within built-up areas or areas of natural beauty new masts may need to be concealed or located in less than optimal locations. The course will address these issues and provide potential solutions.
Students Will Learn
Target Audience
This course is geared for installation and troubleshooting technicians.
This course assumes attendees already have basic knowledge of data communications, PCs and IP systems. No prior knowledge of radio or Wireless systems will be assumed.
Course Outline

 Module I:   Radio Principles

            Radio Transmission Principles

            Radio Propagation

            Signal Power and Free Space Loss

            Effective Radiated Power (ERP)





            Signal to Noise Ratio

            Cell Based operation

            Carrier interference noise

            Interference effects and Fading

            MiMo and SiSo


Amplitude, Frequency and Phase Modulation


Multi-Access Systems


Frequency use

Overlapping channels

Noise and signal strength

            Operating Speed and multi-standard selection

            Configuring Access Points



Module II:   Antenna Systems

Classes of Antennas

Antenna designs

Antenna Arrays: Adcock, collinear,

All Frequency Antennas: AWX

Omni-Directional Systems: Choke Ring, Mono-pole, Biconical, Disconcial, Folded unipole, Mast Radiator antenna

High-gain antenna (HGA) Concepts

Directional Systems: Cassegrain, BUD, Offset Dish, Catinna,

Beverage Antennas: Dipole, Log-Periodic, Yaggi, Helical

Loop Antennas

Engineering the Beam Shape: Fan-beam antenna

Increasing Antenna Gain: Quad antenna

Antenna Bandwidth

Antenna Polarization Charactieristics

Wide Band Antennas: Fractal antenna, Tilted Terminated Folded Dipole

Mobile Network Antennas: Sector, Panel, Vivaldi, Whip, Smart, Blister, Patch

Leaky Coax Antenna Systems

Shortwave relay station

Selecting the appropriate types

Point-to-point services

Area Coverage

Cellular coverage

Indoor and mobile applications

Towers and Mountings

Static Mounts

Camouflaged Antennas: Artificial Trees, Roof-Top, Street Furniture

Loading and support

Raw Poles

Guyed Poles


Case Study Selecting Types of Antenna


Module III:   Cable Plant

Digital Interfaces

Cable transmission fundamentals

Twisted pair Cables

Coaxial Cables Characteristics

Characteristic Impedance

RF Cable Signal Loss and Noise

Reflections and termination

Cable loss and noise

Splitters, Taps, Line Amplifiers, Attenuators and Connections

Optical Cables

Engineering Antenna Cable Feeds


Case Study Engineering Cable Plant



Module IV:    RF Link and System Considerations

 Key Specification Parameters

 Frequency Selection

Transmission Path Loss calculation

Calculating the Antenna Height Required

Allowing for obstructions

Allowing for Interference

Feeder Loss

Allocating the Link Budget

Matching the receiver sensitivity



Evaluation and Review


Delivery Method
Instructor-Led with numerous case-studies and Hands-On exercises.
Equipment Requirements
(This apply's to our hands-on courses only)
BTS always provides equipment to have a very successful Hands-On course. BTS also encourages all attendees to bring their own equipment to the course. This will provide attendees the opportunity to incorporate their own gear into the labs and gain valuable training using their specific equipment.
Course Length
2 Days

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