Website: http://www.btstraining.com
Toll Free: 1-877-Info2Day
Email: info@btstraining.com
Understanding
SONET & Optical Networks
 
Course Description
During this powerful 2-day course, SONET technology fundamentals are examined in detail to create a solid technical foundation and understanding of these complex Technologies. The participants are led through applications, framing, protection switching and other key elements of the SONET architecture.

SONET and SDH are the global standards for optical telecommunications transport they define the transport infrastructure for telecommunications networks worldwide.
Students Will Learn
Target Audience
Anyone requiring an understanding of SONET, SDH and Optical Networks. Outside Plant Field, Installation and Maintenance, Central Office, Testing and Troubleshooting, Special Service, Circuit Provisioning, Software Engineers and anyone responsible or Interested in Designing or Implementing SONET, SDH and Optical Networks.
Prerequisites
None. A basic understanding of telecommunications transmission principles will be useful for students taking this course. This information can be obtained in our

TeleCom Today "I" or "II"
Hands-On Basic Telephony TeleCom Electronics
Hands-On Internetworking Essentials
Course Outline

Module I.      OVERVIEW OF SONET

  Digital Rates Compared
  Multiplexed Transmission systems
  A Global Network
  Advantages of SONET
  SONET Defined



Module II.      SONET SIGNAL FUNDAMENTALS

  Framing Structure
  Signal Hierarchy
  Multiplexed Rates
  The Basic STS-1
  Sub-Rate Signals

 



Module III.      SONET LAYERS AND COMPONANTS AND OVERHEAD

  Path Terminating Equipment
  Line Terminating Equipment
  Section Terminating Equipment
  Section Overhead - Error Checking & Synchronization
  Line Overhead - Pointers & Protection Switching
  Path Overhead - Payload Management
  Concatenation



Module IV.      SONET SUPER RATES, SUB-RATES & SDH

  SDH Hierarchy & Framing
  Virtual Tributaries
  Converting the Asynchronous Signal to SONET
  VT Types, Capacities and Group Mapping



Module V.        SONET PROTECTION SWITCHING

  Linear versus Ring
  Path & Line
  Two Fiber versus Four Fiber
  Automatic Protection Switching
  APS Initiation, Commands, Criteria, & Priorities
  APS Switch Activation Bytes - K1 & K2




Module VI.      SONET RINGS & APPLICATIONS

  SONET Ring Inter-working
  Local Access Rings and Network Backbones
  SONET Ring Types & Applications
  SONET Ring Objectives




Module VII.      SONET PERFORMANCE MONITORING & TESTING 

  Monitoring SONET Signals
  Fault Isolation and Sectionalization
  Performance Data Collection and Reporting
  Functions Supported at the OS/NE Interface
  Network Access Test Points
  Failure States, Signal Alarms and RDI\\\'s

 


Module VIII.      DWDM FUNDAMENTALS
  WDM & DWDM Overview
  Evolving DWDM
  DWDM Applications and Deployment



Module IX.  SONET APPLICATIONS - AN UPDATE

Optical Switching and Technologies
  Cross-Connection by Wavelength
  Local Access Rings
  SONET in the Local Loop (SDSL)
Data Over SONET - Data Over Fiber
Fiber Advances and Future Developments


Module IX.      APPENDIX

SONET Reference Documentation
        -  SONET OAM&P references
-  SDII/SONET OAM&P references
-  Bellcore/Tellabs documents
-  SDH general references
-  SDH OAM&P references
-  WDM / DWDM references
 

Delivery Method
Instructor led with numerous exercises.
Equipment Requirements
(This apply's to our hands-on courses only)
BTS always provides equipment to have a very successful Hands-On course. BTS also encourages all attendees to bring their own equipment to the course. This will provide attendees the opportunity to incorporate their own gear into the labs and gain valuable training using their specific equipment.
Course Length
2 Days

Website: http://www.btstraining.com
Toll Free: 1-877-Info2Day
Email: info@btstraining.com